When it comes to migration, one such migration theory places the blame on the rise in international travel. Small and averse to light, bed bugs are thought to stow away in luggage and freight moving internationally. International traveler number 1 stays at a foreign hotel. Without knowing about or looking for bed bugs, traveler 1 returns home and unpacks the luggage. Any bed bugs that have stowed away in the luggage of traveler one will begin to take up residence. Traveling from one hotel to another can also spread bed bugs. The transfer can occur geometrically with one infested room exposing dozens of people who then expose dozens more and so on.
In the United States, bed bugs were thought to have been eradicated decades ago. In the early part of the Twentieth Century, there was an unprecedented migration of people from Europe to America. Among the immigrants were bed bugs that spread prolifically among immigrant neighborhoods. This led to the mistaken belief that immigrants were unhygienic. Now it is true that household living conditions can make eradicating bed bugs more difficult. But a dirty house or dirty clothing does not cause a bed bug infestation.
What draws bed bugs to a bed is not dirt but body heat and carbon dioxide. Whenever humans exhale a breath, carbon dioxide is expelled. Being nocturnal feeders, bed bugs are naturally drawn to sleeping humans. Once established in bedding and mattresses, and with a steady food source, bed bugs are thought to live as long eighteen months. The flat body shape of the bed bug makes it easy for them to congregate in the seams and puckers of a mattress.
Like fleas, bedbugs leave a fairly distinguishable bite pattern. The bites will typically show up in a linear pattern. Other indications of bed bug infestation can include finding small spots of blood on sheets and other articles of bedding. Indications that bed bugs have moved should bring with it the assumption that the bedbugs have been reproducing. Depending on the level of infestation, a deposit of bedbug eggs can be very difficult to find.